|The Glasgow Haskell Compiler User's Guide, Version 4.06|
|Prev||Chapter 10. Building and using Win32 DLLs|
Sealing up your Haskell library inside a DLL is quite straightforward; compile up the object files that make up the library, and then build the DLL by issuing the following command:
sh$ ghc --mk-dll -o HSsuper.dll A.o Super.o B.o libmine.a -lgdi32
By feeding the ghc compiler driver the option --mk-dll, it will build a DLL rather than produce an executable. The DLL will consist of all the object files and archives given on the command line.
A couple of things to notice:
When compiling the module A, the code emitted by the compiler differs depending on whether or not the functions and data it is importing from other Haskell modules correspond to symbols that are packaged up in a ghc-compiled DLL. To resolve whether such imports are 'DLL imports' or not, the following rules are used:
If the compiler imports from a module that's in the same directory as the one being compiled, it is assumed to not belong to a different DLL (or executable) than the module being processed, so none of the same-directory imports are considered 'DLL imports'.
If a directory contains the (probably empty) file dLL_ifs.hi, the code corresponding to the interface files found in that directory are assumed to live in a DLL separate from the one being compiled. Notice that the first rule takes precedence over this one, so if you're compiling a module that imports from a Haskell module whose interface file live in the same directory, and that directory also contains the file dLL_ifs.hi, the import is still not being considered to be a 'DLL import'.
If compiling with the option -static, the previous rule is disabled.
By default, the entry points of all the object files will be exported from the DLL when using --mk-dll. Should you want to constrain this, you can specify the module definition file to use on the command line as follows:
sh$ ghc --mk-dll -o .... -optdll--def -optdllMyDef.def
EXPORTS DllCanUnloadNow = DllCanUnloadNow@0 DllGetClassObject = DllGetClassObject@12 DllRegisterServer = DllRegisterServer@0 DllUnregisterServer = DllUnregisterServer@0
In addition to creating a DLL, the --mk-dll option will also create an import library. The import library name is derived from the name of the DLL, as follows:
DLL: HScool.dll ==> import lib: libHScool_imp.a