% (c) The University of Glasgow 2006
% (c) The GRASP Project, Glasgow University, 1992-1998
\section[CgCon]{Code generation for constructors}

This module provides the support code for @StgToAbstractC@ to deal
with {\em constructors} on the RHSs of let(rec)s.  See also
@CgClosure@, which deals with closures.

module CgCon (
	cgTopRhsCon, buildDynCon,
	bindConArgs, bindUnboxedTupleComponents,
    ) where

#include "HsVersions.h"

import CgMonad
import StgSyn

import CgBindery
import CgStackery
import CgUtils
import CgCallConv
import CgHeapery
import CgTailCall
import CgProf
import CgTicky
import CgInfoTbls
import CLabel
import ClosureInfo
import CmmUtils
import Cmm
import SMRep
import CostCentre
import Constants
import TyCon
import DataCon
import Id
import IdInfo
import Type
import PrelInfo
import Outputable
import ListSetOps
import Util
import FastString
import StaticFlags

%*									*
\subsection[toplevel-constructors]{Top-level constructors}
%*									*

cgTopRhsCon :: Id		-- Name of thing bound to this RHS
	    -> DataCon		-- Id
	    -> [StgArg]		-- Args
	    -> FCode (Id, CgIdInfo)
cgTopRhsCon id con args
  = do { 
#if mingw32_TARGET_OS
        -- Windows DLLs have a problem with static cross-DLL refs.
	; this_pkg <- getThisPackage
        ; ASSERT( not (isDllConApp this_pkg con args) ) return ()
	; ASSERT( args `lengthIs` dataConRepArity con ) return ()

	; amodes <- getArgAmodes args

	; let
	    name          = idName id
	    lf_info	  = mkConLFInfo con
    	    closure_label = mkClosureLabel name $ idCafInfo id
	    caffy         = any stgArgHasCafRefs args
	    (closure_info, amodes_w_offsets) = layOutStaticConstr con amodes
	    closure_rep = mkStaticClosureFields
	    		     dontCareCCS		-- Because it's static data
	    		     caffy			-- Has CAF refs

	    payload = map get_lit amodes_w_offsets	
	    get_lit (CmmLit lit, _offset) = lit
	    get_lit other = pprPanic "CgCon.get_lit" (ppr other)
		-- NB1: amodes_w_offsets is sorted into ptrs first, then non-ptrs
		-- NB2: all the amodes should be Lits!

	; emitDataLits closure_label closure_rep

	; returnFC (id, taggedStableIdInfo id (mkLblExpr closure_label) lf_info con) }

%*									*
%* non-top-level constructors						*
%*									*
\subsection[code-for-constructors]{The code for constructors}

buildDynCon :: Id		  -- Name of the thing to which this constr will
				  -- be bound
	    -> CostCentreStack	  -- Where to grab cost centre from;
				  -- current CCS if currentOrSubsumedCCS
	    -> DataCon		  -- The data constructor
	    -> [(CgRep,CmmExpr)] -- Its args
	    -> FCode CgIdInfo	  -- Return details about how to find it

-- We used to pass a boolean indicating whether all the
-- args were of size zero, so we could use a static
-- construtor; but I concluded that it just isn't worth it.
-- Now I/O uses unboxed tuples there just aren't any constructors
-- with all size-zero args.
-- The reason for having a separate argument, rather than looking at
-- the addr modes of the args is that we may be in a "knot", and
-- premature looking at the args will cause the compiler to black-hole!

First we deal with the case of zero-arity constructors.  Now, they
will probably be unfolded, so we don't expect to see this case much,
if at all, but it does no harm, and sets the scene for characters.

In the case of zero-arity constructors, or, more accurately, those
which have exclusively size-zero (VoidRep) args, we generate no code
at all.

buildDynCon binder _ con []
  = returnFC (taggedStableIdInfo binder
			   (mkLblExpr (mkClosureLabel (dataConName con)
                                      (idCafInfo binder)))
    			   (mkConLFInfo con)

The following three paragraphs about @Char@-like and @Int@-like
closures are obsolete, but I don't understand the details well enough
to properly word them, sorry. I've changed the treatment of @Char@s to
be analogous to @Int@s: only a subset is preallocated, because @Char@
has now 31 bits. Only literals are handled here. -- Qrczak

Now for @Char@-like closures.  We generate an assignment of the
address of the closure to a temporary.  It would be possible simply to
generate no code, and record the addressing mode in the environment,
but we'd have to be careful if the argument wasn't a constant --- so
for simplicity we just always asssign to a temporary.

Last special case: @Int@-like closures.  We only special-case the
situation in which the argument is a literal in the range
@mIN_INTLIKE@..@mAX_INTLILKE@.  NB: for @Char@-like closures we can
work with any old argument, but for @Int@-like ones the argument has
to be a literal.  Reason: @Char@ like closures have an argument type
which is guaranteed in range.

Because of this, we use can safely return an addressing mode.

buildDynCon binder _ con [arg_amode]
  | maybeIntLikeCon con 
  , (_, CmmLit (CmmInt val _)) <- arg_amode
  , let val_int = (fromIntegral val) :: Int
  , val_int <= mAX_INTLIKE && val_int >= mIN_INTLIKE
  = do 	{ let intlike_lbl   = mkRtsGcPtrLabel (sLit "stg_INTLIKE_closure")
	      offsetW = (val_int - mIN_INTLIKE) * (fixedHdrSize + 1)
		-- INTLIKE closures consist of a header and one word payload
	      intlike_amode = CmmLit (cmmLabelOffW intlike_lbl offsetW)
	; returnFC (taggedStableIdInfo binder intlike_amode (mkConLFInfo con) con) }

buildDynCon binder _ con [arg_amode]
  | maybeCharLikeCon con 
  , (_, CmmLit (CmmInt val _)) <- arg_amode
  , let val_int = (fromIntegral val) :: Int
  , val_int <= mAX_CHARLIKE && val_int >= mIN_CHARLIKE
  = do 	{ let charlike_lbl   = mkRtsGcPtrLabel (sLit "stg_CHARLIKE_closure")
	      offsetW = (val_int - mIN_CHARLIKE) * (fixedHdrSize + 1)
		-- CHARLIKE closures consist of a header and one word payload
	      charlike_amode = CmmLit (cmmLabelOffW charlike_lbl offsetW)
	; returnFC (taggedStableIdInfo binder charlike_amode (mkConLFInfo con) con) }

Now the general case.

buildDynCon binder ccs con args
  = do	{ 
	; let
	    (closure_info, amodes_w_offsets) = layOutDynConstr con args

	; hp_off <- allocDynClosure closure_info use_cc blame_cc amodes_w_offsets
 	; returnFC (taggedHeapIdInfo binder hp_off lf_info con) }
    lf_info = mkConLFInfo con

    use_cc	-- cost-centre to stick in the object
      | currentOrSubsumedCCS ccs = curCCS
      | otherwise		 = CmmLit (mkCCostCentreStack ccs)

    blame_cc = use_cc -- cost-centre on which to blame the alloc (same)

%*									*
%* constructor-related utility function:				*
%*		bindConArgs is called from cgAlt of a case		*
%*									*
\subsection[constructor-utilities]{@bindConArgs@: constructor-related utility}

@bindConArgs@ $con args$ augments the environment with bindings for the
binders $args$, assuming that we have just returned from a @case@ which
found a $con$.

bindConArgs :: DataCon -> [Id] -> Code
bindConArgs con args
  = do
          -- The binding below forces the masking out of the tag bits
          -- when accessing the constructor field.
	  bind_arg (arg, offset) = bindNewToUntagNode arg offset (mkLFArgument arg) (tagForCon con)
	  (_, args_w_offsets)    = layOutDynConstr con (addIdReps args)
       ASSERT(not (isUnboxedTupleCon con)) return ()
       mapCs bind_arg args_w_offsets

Unboxed tuples are handled slightly differently - the object is
returned in registers and on the stack instead of the heap.

	:: [Id]				-- Args
	-> FCode ([(Id,GlobalReg)],	-- Regs assigned
		  WordOff,		-- Number of pointer stack slots
		  WordOff,		-- Number of non-pointer stack slots
		  VirtualSpOffset)	-- Offset of return address slot
					-- (= realSP on entry)

bindUnboxedTupleComponents args
 =  do	{   
	  vsp <- getVirtSp
	; rsp <- getRealSp

	   -- Assign as many components as possible to registers
	; let (reg_args, stk_args) = assignReturnRegs (addIdReps args)

		-- Separate the rest of the args into pointers and non-pointers
	      (ptr_args, nptr_args) = separateByPtrFollowness stk_args
		-- Allocate the rest on the stack
		-- The real SP points to the return address, above which any 
	 	-- leftover unboxed-tuple components will be allocated
	      (ptr_sp,  ptr_offsets)  = mkVirtStkOffsets rsp    ptr_args
	      (nptr_sp, nptr_offsets) = mkVirtStkOffsets ptr_sp nptr_args
              ptrs  = ptr_sp  - rsp
	      nptrs = nptr_sp - ptr_sp

	    -- The stack pointer points to the last stack-allocated component
    	; setRealAndVirtualSp nptr_sp

	    -- We have just allocated slots starting at real SP + 1, and set the new
	    -- virtual SP to the topmost allocated slot.  
	    -- If the virtual SP started *below* the real SP, we've just jumped over
	    -- some slots that won't be in the free-list, so put them there
	    -- This commonly happens because we've freed the return-address slot
	    -- (trimming back the virtual SP), but the real SP still points to that slot
	; freeStackSlots [vsp+1,vsp+2 .. rsp]

	; bindArgsToRegs reg_args
	; bindArgsToStack ptr_offsets
	; bindArgsToStack nptr_offsets

	; returnFC (reg_args, ptrs, nptrs, rsp) }

%*									*
	Actually generate code for a constructor return
%*									*

Note: it's the responsibility of the @cgReturnDataCon@ caller to be
sure the @amodes@ passed don't conflict with each other.
cgReturnDataCon :: DataCon -> [(CgRep, CmmExpr)] -> Code

cgReturnDataCon con amodes
  | isUnboxedTupleCon con = returnUnboxedTuple amodes
      -- when profiling we can't shortcut here, we have to enter the closure
      -- for it to be marked as "used" for LDV profiling.
  | opt_SccProfilingOn    = build_it_then enter_it
  | otherwise
  = ASSERT( amodes `lengthIs` dataConRepArity con )
    do	{ EndOfBlockInfo _ sequel <- getEndOfBlockInfo
	; case sequel of
	    CaseAlts _ (Just (alts, deflt_lbl)) bndr
	      ->    -- Ho! We know the constructor so we can
		    -- go straight to the right alternative
		 case assocMaybe alts (dataConTagZ con) of {
		    Just join_lbl -> build_it_then (jump_to join_lbl);
			-- Special case!  We're returning a constructor to the default case
			-- of an enclosing case.  For example:
			--	case (case e of (a,b) -> C a b) of
			--	  D x -> ...
			--	  y   -> ...<returning here!>...
			-- In this case,
			--	if the default is a non-bind-default (ie does not use y),
			--  	then we should simply jump to the default join point;
			| isDeadBinder bndr -> performReturn (jump_to deflt_lbl)
			| otherwise	    -> build_it_then (jump_to deflt_lbl) }
	    _otherwise	-- The usual case
              -> build_it_then emitReturnInstr
    enter_it    = stmtsC [ CmmAssign nodeReg (cmmUntag (CmmReg nodeReg)),
                           CmmJump (entryCode (closureInfoPtr (CmmReg nodeReg))) [] ]
    jump_to lbl = stmtC (CmmJump (CmmLit lbl) [])
    build_it_then return_code
	   	-- The first "con" says that the name bound to this
		-- closure is "con", which is a bit of a fudge, but it only
		-- affects profiling

		-- This Id is also used to get a unique for a
		-- temporary variable, if the closure is a CHARLIKE.
		-- funnily enough, this makes the unique always come
		-- out as '54' :-)
	     tickyReturnNewCon (length amodes)
	   ; idinfo <- buildDynCon (dataConWorkId con) currentCCS con amodes
	   ; amode <- idInfoToAmode idinfo
	   ; checkedAbsC (CmmAssign nodeReg amode)
	   ; performReturn return_code }

%*									*
	Generating static stuff for algebraic data types
%*									*

	[These comments are rather out of date]

Info tbls &	 Macro  &     	     Kind of constructor \\
info & @CONST_INFO_TABLE@&    Zero arity (no info -- compiler uses static closure)\\
info & @CHARLIKE_INFO_TABLE@& Charlike   (no info -- compiler indexes fixed array)\\
info & @INTLIKE_INFO_TABLE@&  Intlike; the one macro generates both info tbls\\
info & @SPEC_INFO_TABLE@&     SPECish, and bigger than or equal to @MIN_UPD_SIZE@\\
info & @GEN_INFO_TABLE@&      GENish (hence bigger than or equal to @MIN_UPD_SIZE@)\\

Possible info tables for constructor con:

Used for dynamically let(rec)-bound occurrences of
the constructor, and for updates.  For constructors
which are int-like, char-like or nullary, when GC occurs,
the closure tries to get rid of itself.

Static occurrences of the constructor

For zero-arity constructors, \tr{con}, we NO LONGER generate a static closure;
it's place is taken by the top level defn of the constructor.

For charlike and intlike closures there is a fixed array of static
closures predeclared.

cgTyCon :: TyCon -> FCode [Cmm]  -- each constructor gets a separate Cmm
cgTyCon tycon
  = do	{ constrs <- mapM (getCmm . cgDataCon) (tyConDataCons tycon)

	    -- Generate a table of static closures for an enumeration type
	    -- Put the table after the data constructor decls, because the
	    -- datatype closure table (for enumeration types)
	    -- to (say) PrelBase_$wTrue_closure, which is defined in code_stuff
            -- Note that the closure pointers are tagged.

            -- XXX comment says to put table after constructor decls, but
            -- code appears to put it before --- NR 16 Aug 2007
	; extra <- 
	   if isEnumerationTyCon tycon then do
	        tbl <- getCmm (emitRODataLits "cgTyCon" (mkLocalClosureTableLabel (tyConName tycon) NoCafRefs)
			   [ CmmLabelOff (mkLocalClosureLabel (dataConName con) NoCafRefs) (tagForCon con)
    			   | con <- tyConDataCons tycon])
		return [tbl]
		return []

	; return (extra ++ constrs)

Generate the entry code, info tables, and (for niladic constructor) the
static closure, for a constructor.

cgDataCon :: DataCon -> Code
cgDataCon data_con
  = do	{     -- Don't need any dynamic closure code for zero-arity constructors

	; let
	    -- To allow the debuggers, interpreters, etc to cope with
	    -- static data structures (ie those built at compile
	    -- time), we take care that info-table contains the
	    -- information we need.
	    (static_cl_info, _) = 
		layOutStaticConstr data_con arg_reps

	    (dyn_cl_info, arg_things) = 
		layOutDynConstr    data_con arg_reps

	    emit_info cl_info ticky_code
		= do { code_blks <- getCgStmts the_code
		     ; emitClosureCodeAndInfoTable cl_info [] code_blks }
		  the_code = do	{ _ <- ticky_code
				; ldvEnter (CmmReg nodeReg)
				; body_code }

	    arg_reps :: [(CgRep, Type)]
	    arg_reps = [(typeCgRep ty, ty) | ty <- dataConRepArgTys data_con]

	    body_code = do { 	
			-- NB: We don't set CC when entering data (WDP 94/06)
			     tickyReturnOldCon (length arg_things)
                           -- The case continuation code is expecting a tagged pointer
                           ; stmtC (CmmAssign nodeReg
                                              (tagCons data_con (CmmReg nodeReg)))
			   ; performReturn emitReturnInstr }
				-- noStmts: Ptr to thing already in Node

	; whenC (not (isNullaryRepDataCon data_con))
	 	(emit_info dyn_cl_info tickyEnterDynCon)

		-- Dynamic-Closure first, to reduce forward references
	; emit_info static_cl_info tickyEnterStaticCon }