{-# LANGUAGE Safe #-} {-# LANGUAGE CPP, NoImplicitPrelude #-} ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- | -- Module : Data.Word -- Copyright : (c) The University of Glasgow 2001 -- License : BSD-style (see the file libraries/base/LICENSE) -- -- Maintainer : libraries@haskell.org -- Stability : experimental -- Portability : portable -- -- Unsigned integer types. -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- module Data.Word ( -- * Unsigned integral types Word, Word8, Word16, Word32, Word64, -- * Notes -- $notes ) where #ifdef __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ import GHC.Word #endif #ifdef __HUGS__ import Hugs.Word #endif #ifdef __NHC__ import NHC.FFI (Word8, Word16, Word32, Word64) import NHC.SizedTypes (Word8, Word16, Word32, Word64) -- instances of Bits type Word = Word32 #endif {- $notes * All arithmetic is performed modulo 2^n, where n is the number of bits in the type. One non-obvious consequence of this is that 'Prelude.negate' should /not/ raise an error on negative arguments. * For coercing between any two integer types, use 'Prelude.fromIntegral', which is specialized for all the common cases so should be fast enough. Coercing word types to and from integer types preserves representation, not sign. * It would be very natural to add a type @Natural@ providing an unbounded size unsigned integer, just as 'Prelude.Integer' provides unbounded size signed integers. We do not do that yet since there is no demand for it. * The rules that hold for 'Prelude.Enum' instances over a bounded type such as 'Prelude.Int' (see the section of the Haskell report dealing with arithmetic sequences) also hold for the 'Prelude.Enum' instances over the various 'Word' types defined here. * Right and left shifts by amounts greater than or equal to the width of the type result in a zero result. This is contrary to the behaviour in C, which is undefined; a common interpretation is to truncate the shift count to the width of the type, for example @1 \<\< 32 == 1@ in some C implementations. -}