2.8. The :set command

The :set command sets two types of options: GHCi options, which begin with ‘+’, and “command-line” options, which begin with ‘-’.

NOTE: at the moment, the :set command doesn't support any kind of quoting in its arguments: quotes will not be removed and cannot be used to group words together. For example, :set -DFOO='BAR BAZ' will not do what you expect.

2.8.1. GHCi options

GHCi options may be set using :set and unset using :unset.

The available GHCi options are:


Enable parsing of multiline commands. A multiline command is prompted for when the current input line contains open layout contexts (see Section 2.4.3, “Multiline input”).


Normally, any evaluation of top-level expressions (otherwise known as CAFs or Constant Applicative Forms) in loaded modules is retained between evaluations. Turning on +r causes all evaluation of top-level expressions to be discarded after each evaluation (they are still retained during a single evaluation).

This option may help if the evaluated top-level expressions are consuming large amounts of space, or if you need repeatable performance measurements.


Display some stats after evaluating each expression, including the elapsed time and number of bytes allocated. NOTE: the allocation figure is only accurate to the size of the storage manager's allocation area, because it is calculated at every GC. Hence, you might see values of zero if no GC has occurred.


Display the type of each variable bound after a statement is entered at the prompt. If the statement is a single expression, then the only variable binding will be for the variable ‘it’.

2.8.2. Setting GHC command-line options in GHCi

Normal GHC command-line options may also be set using :set. For example, to turn on -fwarn-missing-signatures, you would say:

Prelude> :set -fwarn-missing-signatures

Any GHC command-line option that is designated as dynamic (see the table in Section 4.20, “Flag reference”), may be set using :set. To unset an option, you can set the reverse option:

Prelude> :set -fno-warn-incomplete-patterns -XNoMultiParamTypeClasses

Section 4.20, “Flag reference” lists the reverse for each option where applicable.

Certain static options (-package, -I, -i, and -l in particular) will also work, but some may not take effect until the next reload.