Cabal- A framework for packaging Haskell software
CopyrightDuncan Coutts 2007
Portabilitynon-portable (ExistentialQuantification)
Safe HaskellNone



This is to do with command line handling. The Cabal command line is organised into a number of named sub-commands (much like darcs). The CommandUI abstraction represents one of these sub-commands, with a name, description, a set of flags. Commands can be associated with actions and run. It handles some common stuff automatically, like the --help and command line completion flags. It is designed to allow other tools make derived commands. This feature is used heavily in cabal-install.


Command interface

data CommandUI flags Source #




commandShowOptions :: CommandUI flags -> flags -> [String] Source #

Show flags in the standard long option command line format

data CommandParse flags Source #


Instances details
Functor CommandParse Source # 
Instance details

Defined in Distribution.Simple.Command


fmap :: (a -> b) -> CommandParse a -> CommandParse b Source #

(<$) :: a -> CommandParse b -> CommandParse a Source #

commandParseArgs Source #


:: CommandUI flags 
-> Bool

Is the command a global or subcommand?

-> [String] 
-> CommandParse (flags -> flags, [String]) 

Parse a bunch of command line arguments

getNormalCommandDescriptions :: [Command action] -> [(String, String)] Source #

Helper function for creating globalCommand description

Constructing commands

usageDefault :: String -> String -> String Source #

Default "usage" documentation text for commands.

usageAlternatives :: String -> [String] -> String -> String Source #

Create "usage" documentation from a list of parameter configurations.

mkCommandUI Source #


:: String


-> String


-> [String]

usage alternatives

-> flags

initial/empty flags

-> (ShowOrParseArgs -> [OptionField flags])


-> CommandUI flags 

Make a Command from standard GetOpt options.

hiddenCommand :: Command action -> Command action Source #

Mark command as hidden. Hidden commands don't show up in the 'progname help' or 'progname --help' output.

Associating actions with commands

data Command action Source #

commandAddAction :: CommandUI flags -> (flags -> [String] -> action) -> Command action Source #

noExtraFlags :: [String] -> IO () Source #

Utility function, many commands do not accept additional flags. This action fails with a helpful error message if the user supplies any extra.

Building lists of commands

data CommandSpec action Source #

wraps a CommandUI together with a function that turns it into a Command. By hiding the type of flags for the UI allows construction of a list of all UIs at the top level of the program. That list can then be used for generation of manual page as well as for executing the selected command.


CommandSpec (CommandUI flags) (CommandUI flags -> Command action) CommandType 

Running commands

commandsRun :: CommandUI a -> [Command action] -> [String] -> CommandParse (a, CommandParse action) Source #

Option Fields

data OptionField a Source #

We usually have a data type for storing configuration values, where every field stores a configuration option, and the user sets the value either via command line flags or a configuration file. An individual OptionField models such a field, and we usually build a list of options associated to a configuration data type.




Constructing Option Fields

option :: SFlags -> LFlags -> Description -> get -> set -> MkOptDescr get set a -> OptionField a Source #

Create an option taking a single OptDescr. No explicit Name is given for the Option, the name is the first LFlag given.

Example: option sf lf d get set * sf: Short option name, for example: ['d']. No hyphen permitted. * lf: Long option name, for example: ["debug"]. No hyphens permitted. * d: Description of the option, shown to the user in help messages. * get: Get the current value of the flag. * set: Set the value of the flag. Gets the current value of the flag as a parameter.

multiOption Source #


:: Name 
-> get 
-> set 
-> [get -> set -> OptDescr a]

MkOptDescr constructors partially applied to flags and description.

-> OptionField a 

Create an option taking several OptDescrs. You will have to give the flags and description individually to the OptDescr constructor.

Liftings & Projections

liftOption :: (b -> a) -> (a -> b -> b) -> OptionField a -> OptionField b Source #

liftOptionL :: ALens' b a -> OptionField a -> OptionField b Source #

Since: Cabal-

Option Descriptions

data OptDescr a Source #

An OptionField takes one or more OptDescrs, describing the command line interface for the field.


ReqArg Description OptFlags ArgPlaceHolder (ReadE (a -> a)) (a -> [String]) 
OptArg Description OptFlags ArgPlaceHolder (ReadE (a -> a)) (a -> a) (a -> [Maybe String]) 
ChoiceOpt [(Description, OptFlags, a -> a, a -> Bool)] 
BoolOpt Description OptFlags OptFlags (Bool -> a -> a) (a -> Maybe Bool) 

type SFlags = [Char] Source #

Short command line option strings

type LFlags = [String] Source #

Long command line option strings

OptDescr smart constructors

type MkOptDescr get set a = SFlags -> LFlags -> Description -> get -> set -> OptDescr a Source #

reqArg :: Monoid b => ArgPlaceHolder -> ReadE b -> (b -> [String]) -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

Create a string-valued command line interface. Usually called in the context of option or multiOption.

Example: reqArg ad mkflag showflag

  • ad: Placeholder shown to the user, e.g. FILES if files are expected parameters.
  • mkflag: How to parse the argument into the option.
  • showflag: If parsing goes wrong, display a useful error message to the user.

reqArg' :: Monoid b => ArgPlaceHolder -> (String -> b) -> (b -> [String]) -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

(String -> a) variant of "reqArg"

optArg :: Monoid b => ArgPlaceHolder -> ReadE b -> b -> (b -> [Maybe String]) -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

Create a string-valued command line interface with a default value.

optArg' :: Monoid b => ArgPlaceHolder -> (Maybe String -> b) -> (b -> [Maybe String]) -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

(String -> a) variant of "optArg"

noArg :: Eq b => b -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

boolOpt :: (b -> Maybe Bool) -> (Bool -> b) -> SFlags -> SFlags -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

boolOpt' :: (b -> Maybe Bool) -> (Bool -> b) -> OptFlags -> OptFlags -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

choiceOpt :: Eq b => [(b, OptFlags, Description)] -> MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

create a Choice option

choiceOptFromEnum :: (Bounded b, Enum b, Show b, Eq b) => MkOptDescr (a -> b) (b -> a -> a) a Source #

create a Choice option out of an enumeration type. As long flags, the Show output is used. As short flags, the first character which does not conflict with a previous one is used.