A value of type IO a is a computation which, when performed,
does some I/O before returning a value of type a.
There is really only one way to "perform" an I/O action: bind it to
Main.main in your program. When your program is run, the I/O will
be performed. It isn't possible to perform I/O from an arbitrary
function, unless that function is itself in the IO monad and called
at some point, directly or indirectly, from Main.main.
IO is a monad, so IO actions can be combined using either the do-notation
or the >> and >>= operations from the Monad class.