If you still have a problem after consulting this section, then you may have found a bug—please report it! See Section 1.2 for details on how to report a bug and a list of things we'd like to know about your bug. If in doubt, send a report—we love mail from irate users :-!
(Section 12.1, which describes Glasgow Haskell's shortcomings vs. the Haskell language definition, may also be of interest.)
These events are always bugs in the GHC system—please report them.
If you think that GHC could have produced a better error message, please report it as a bug.
For example: “…warning: `Foo' declared `static' but never defined.” Unsightly, but shouldn't be a problem.
GHC is very sensitive about interface files. For example, if it picks up a non-standard Prelude.hi file, pretty terrible things will happen. If you turn on -fno-implicit-prelude, the compiler will almost surely die, unless you know what you are doing.
Furthermore, as sketched below, you may have big problems running programs compiled using unstable interfaces.
Unlikely :-) A useful be-more-paranoid option to give to GHC is -dcore-lint; this causes a “lint” pass to check for errors (notably type errors) after each Core-to-Core transformation pass. We run with -dcore-lint on all the time; it costs about 5% in compile time.
If the linker complains about not finding _<something>_fast, then something is inconsistent: you probably didn't compile modules in the proper dependency order.
On this score, GHC usually does pretty well, especially if you “allow” it to be off by one or two. In the case of an instance or class declaration, the line number may only point you to the declaration, not to a specific method.
Please report line-number errors that you find particularly unhelpful.