|This module is part of the Foreign Function Interface (FFI) and will usually
be imported via the module Foreign.
|Stable references to Haskell values
|data StablePtr a
A stable pointer is a reference to a Haskell expression that is
guaranteed not to be affected by garbage collection, i.e., it will neither be
deallocated nor will the value of the stable pointer itself change during
garbage collection (ordinary references may be relocated during garbage
collection). Consequently, stable pointers can be passed to foreign code,
which can treat it as an opaque reference to a Haskell value.
A value of type StablePtr a is a stable pointer to a Haskell
expression of type a.
|newStablePtr :: a -> IO (StablePtr a)
|Create a stable pointer referring to the given Haskell value.
|deRefStablePtr :: StablePtr a -> IO a
|Obtain the Haskell value referenced by a stable pointer, i.e., the
same value that was passed to the corresponding call to
makeStablePtr. If the argument to deRefStablePtr has
already been freed using freeStablePtr, the behaviour of
deRefStablePtr is undefined.
|freeStablePtr :: StablePtr a -> IO ()
|Dissolve the association between the stable pointer and the Haskell
value. Afterwards, if the stable pointer is passed to
deRefStablePtr or freeStablePtr, the behaviour is
undefined. However, the stable pointer may still be passed to
castStablePtrToPtr, but the Ptr () value returned
by castStablePtrToPtr, in this case, is undefined (in particular,
it may be nullPtr). Nevertheless, the call
to castStablePtrToPtr is guaranteed not to diverge.
|castStablePtrToPtr :: StablePtr a -> Ptr ()
|Coerce a stable pointer to an address. No guarantees are made about
the resulting value, except that the original stable pointer can be
recovered by castPtrToStablePtr. In particular, the address may not
refer to an accessible memory location and any attempt to pass it to
the member functions of the class Storable leads to
|castPtrToStablePtr :: Ptr () -> StablePtr a
The inverse of castStablePtrToPtr, i.e., we have the identity
sp == castPtrToStablePtr (castStablePtrToPtr sp)
for any stable pointer sp on which freeStablePtr has
not been executed yet. Moreover, castPtrToStablePtr may
only be applied to pointers that have been produced by
|The C-side interface
The following definition is available to C programs inter-operating with
Haskell code when including the header HsFFI.h.
typedef void *HsStablePtr;
Note that no assumptions may be made about the values representing stable
pointers. In fact, they need not even be valid memory addresses. The only
guarantee provided is that if they are passed back to Haskell land, the
function deRefStablePtr will be able to reconstruct the
Haskell value referred to by the stable pointer.
|Produced by Haddock version 0.7