The Monad class defines the basic operations over a monad,
a concept from a branch of mathematics known as category theory.
From the perspective of a Haskell programmer, however, it is best to
think of a monad as an abstract datatype of actions.
Haskell's do expressions provide a convenient syntax for writing
monadic expressions.
Minimal complete definition: >>= and return.
Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws:
return a >>= k == k a
m >>= return == m
m >>= (\x > k x >>= h) == (m >>= k) >>= h
Instances of both Monad and Functor should additionally satisfy the law:
fmap f xs == xs >>= return . f
The instances of Monad for lists, Maybe and IO
defined in the Prelude satisfy these laws.
