Portability | portable |
---|---|

Stability | experimental |

Maintainer | libraries@haskell.org |

Safe Haskell | Safe |

Unsigned integer types.

# Unsigned integral types

8-bit unsigned integer type

16-bit unsigned integer type

32-bit unsigned integer type

64-bit unsigned integer type

# Notes

- All arithmetic is performed modulo 2^n, where n is the number of
bits in the type. One non-obvious consequence of this is that
`negate`

should*not*raise an error on negative arguments. - For coercing between any two integer types, use
`fromIntegral`

, which is specialized for all the common cases so should be fast enough. Coercing word types to and from integer types preserves representation, not sign. - It would be very natural to add a type
`Natural`

providing an unbounded size unsigned integer, just as`Integer`

provides unbounded size signed integers. We do not do that yet since there is no demand for it. - The rules that hold for
`Enum`

instances over a bounded type such as`Int`

(see the section of the Haskell report dealing with arithmetic sequences) also hold for the`Enum`

instances over the various`Word`

types defined here. - Right and left shifts by amounts greater than or equal to the width
of the type result in a zero result. This is contrary to the
behaviour in C, which is undefined; a common interpretation is to
truncate the shift count to the width of the type, for example
`1 << 32 == 1`

in some C implementations.