transformers-0.3.0.0: Concrete functor and monad transformers

Copyright (c) The University of Glasgow 2001 BSD-style (see the file LICENSE) ross@soi.city.ac.uk experimental portable Safe-Inferred Haskell98

Control.Monad.Trans.Cont

Description

Continuation monads.

Synopsis

# The Cont monad

type Cont r = ContT r Identity Source

Continuation monad. `Cont r a` is a CPS computation that produces an intermediate result of type `a` within a CPS computation whose final result type is `r`.

The `return` function simply creates a continuation which passes the value on.

The `>>=` operator adds the bound function into the continuation chain.

cont :: ((a -> r) -> r) -> Cont r a Source

Construct a continuation-passing computation from a function. (The inverse of `runCont`.)

Arguments

 :: Cont r a continuation computation (`Cont`). -> (a -> r) the final continuation, which produces the final result (often `id`). -> r

Runs a CPS computation, returns its result after applying the final continuation to it. (The inverse of `cont`.)

mapCont :: (r -> r) -> Cont r a -> Cont r a Source

Apply a function to transform the result of a continuation-passing computation.

• ``runCont` (`mapCont` f m) = f . `runCont` m`

withCont :: ((b -> r) -> a -> r) -> Cont r a -> Cont r b Source

Apply a function to transform the continuation passed to a CPS computation.

• ``runCont` (`withCont` f m) = `runCont` m . f`

# The ContT monad transformer

newtype ContT r m a Source

The continuation monad transformer. Can be used to add continuation handling to other monads.

Constructors

 ContT FieldsrunContT :: (a -> m r) -> m r

Instances

 MonadTrans (ContT r) Monad (ContT r m) Functor (ContT r m) Applicative (ContT r m) MonadIO m => MonadIO (ContT r m)

mapContT :: (m r -> m r) -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m a Source

Apply a function to transform the result of a continuation-passing computation.

• ``runContT` (`mapContT` f m) = f . `runContT` m`

withContT :: ((b -> m r) -> a -> m r) -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m b Source

Apply a function to transform the continuation passed to a CPS computation.

• ``runContT` (`withContT` f m) = `runContT` m . f`

callCC :: ((a -> ContT r m b) -> ContT r m a) -> ContT r m a Source

`callCC` (call-with-current-continuation) calls its argument function, passing it the current continuation. It provides an escape continuation mechanism for use with continuation monads. Escape continuations one allow to abort the current computation and return a value immediately. They achieve a similar effect to `throwError` and `catchError` within an `ErrorT` monad. The advantage of this function over calling `return` is that it makes the continuation explicit, allowing more flexibility and better control.

The standard idiom used with `callCC` is to provide a lambda-expression to name the continuation. Then calling the named continuation anywhere within its scope will escape from the computation, even if it is many layers deep within nested computations.

# Lifting other operations

liftLocal :: Monad m => m r' -> ((r' -> r') -> m r -> m r) -> (r' -> r') -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m a Source

`liftLocal ask local` yields a `local` function for `ContT r m`.