{-# LANGUAGE Trustworthy #-} -- can't use Safe due to IsList instance {-# LANGUAGE TypeFamilies #-} ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- | -- Module : Data.List.NonEmpty -- Copyright : (C) 2011-2015 Edward Kmett, -- (C) 2010 Tony Morris, Oliver Taylor, Eelis van der Weegen -- License : BSD-style (see the file LICENSE) -- -- Maintainer : libraries@haskell.org -- Stability : provisional -- Portability : portable -- -- A 'NonEmpty' list is one which always has at least one element, but -- is otherwise identical to the traditional list type in complexity -- and in terms of API. You will almost certainly want to import this -- module @qualified@. -- -- @since 4.9.0.0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- module Data.List.NonEmpty ( -- * The type of non-empty streams NonEmpty(..) -- * Non-empty stream transformations , map -- :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b , intersperse -- :: a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , scanl -- :: Foldable f => (b -> a -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b , scanr -- :: Foldable f => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b , scanl1 -- :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , scanr1 -- :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , transpose -- :: NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) , sortBy -- :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , sortWith -- :: Ord o => (a -> o) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -- * Basic functions , length -- :: NonEmpty a -> Int , head -- :: NonEmpty a -> a , tail -- :: NonEmpty a -> [a] , last -- :: NonEmpty a -> a , init -- :: NonEmpty a -> [a] , singleton -- :: a -> NonEmpty a , (<|), cons -- :: a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , uncons -- :: NonEmpty a -> (a, Maybe (NonEmpty a)) , unfoldr -- :: (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b , sort -- :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , reverse -- :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , inits -- :: Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty a , tails -- :: Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty a , append -- :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , appendList -- :: NonEmpty a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a , prependList -- :: [a] -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -- * Building streams , iterate -- :: (a -> a) -> a -> NonEmpty a , repeat -- :: a -> NonEmpty a , cycle -- :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , unfold -- :: (a -> (b, Maybe a) -> a -> NonEmpty b , insert -- :: (Foldable f, Ord a) => a -> f a -> NonEmpty a , some1 -- :: Alternative f => f a -> f (NonEmpty a) -- * Extracting sublists , take -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] , drop -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] , splitAt -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) , takeWhile -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] , dropWhile -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] , span -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> ([a],[a]) , break -- :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> ([a],[a]) , filter -- :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] , partition -- :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a],[a]) , group -- :: Foldable f => Eq a => f a -> [NonEmpty a] , groupBy -- :: Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] , groupWith -- :: (Foldable f, Eq b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] , groupAllWith -- :: (Foldable f, Ord b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] , group1 -- :: Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) , groupBy1 -- :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) , groupWith1 -- :: (Foldable f, Eq b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) , groupAllWith1 -- :: (Foldable f, Ord b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -- * Sublist predicates , isPrefixOf -- :: Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty a -> Bool -- * \"Set\" operations , nub -- :: Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a , nubBy -- :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -- * Indexing streams , (!!) -- :: NonEmpty a -> Int -> a -- * Zipping and unzipping streams , zip -- :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty (a,b) , zipWith -- :: (a -> b -> c) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty c , unzip -- :: NonEmpty (a, b) -> (NonEmpty a, NonEmpty b) -- * Converting to and from a list , fromList -- :: [a] -> NonEmpty a , toList -- :: NonEmpty a -> [a] , nonEmpty -- :: [a] -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) , xor -- :: NonEmpty a -> Bool ) where import Prelude hiding (break, cycle, drop, dropWhile, filter, foldl, foldr, head, init, iterate, last, length, map, repeat, reverse, scanl, scanl1, scanr, scanr1, span, splitAt, tail, take, takeWhile, unzip, zip, zipWith, (!!)) import qualified Prelude import Control.Applicative (Applicative (..), Alternative (many)) import Data.Foldable hiding (length, toList) import qualified Data.Foldable as Foldable import Data.Function (on) import qualified Data.List as List import Data.Ord (comparing) import GHC.Base (NonEmpty(..)) infixr 5 <| -- $setup -- >>> import Prelude (negate) -- | Number of elements in 'NonEmpty' list. length :: NonEmpty a -> Int length :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> Int length (a _ :| [a] xs) = Int 1 Int -> Int -> Int forall a. Num a => a -> a -> a + [a] -> Int forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> Int Prelude.length [a] xs -- | Compute n-ary logic exclusive OR operation on 'NonEmpty' list. xor :: NonEmpty Bool -> Bool xor :: NonEmpty Bool -> Bool xor (Bool x :| [Bool] xs) = (Bool -> Bool -> Bool) -> Bool -> [Bool] -> Bool forall (t :: * -> *) a b. Foldable t => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> t a -> b foldr Bool -> Bool -> Bool xor' Bool x [Bool] xs where xor' :: Bool -> Bool -> Bool xor' Bool True Bool y = Bool -> Bool not Bool y xor' Bool False Bool y = Bool y -- | 'unfold' produces a new stream by repeatedly applying the unfolding -- function to the seed value to produce an element of type @b@ and a new -- seed value. When the unfolding function returns 'Nothing' instead of -- a new seed value, the stream ends. unfold :: (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b unfold :: forall a b. (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b unfold a -> (b, Maybe a) f a a = case a -> (b, Maybe a) f a a of (b b, Maybe a Nothing) -> b b b -> [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [] (b b, Just a c) -> b b b -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty b forall a. a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a <| (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b forall a b. (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b unfold a -> (b, Maybe a) f a c {-# DEPRECATED unfold "Use unfoldr" #-} -- Deprecated in 8.2.1, remove in 8.4 -- | 'nonEmpty' efficiently turns a normal list into a 'NonEmpty' stream, -- producing 'Nothing' if the input is empty. nonEmpty :: [a] -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) nonEmpty :: forall a. [a] -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) nonEmpty [] = Maybe (NonEmpty a) forall a. Maybe a Nothing nonEmpty (a a:[a] as) = NonEmpty a -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) forall a. a -> Maybe a Just (a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] as) -- | 'uncons' produces the first element of the stream, and a stream of the -- remaining elements, if any. uncons :: NonEmpty a -> (a, Maybe (NonEmpty a)) uncons :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> (a, Maybe (NonEmpty a)) uncons ~(a a :| [a] as) = (a a, [a] -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) forall a. [a] -> Maybe (NonEmpty a) nonEmpty [a] as) -- | The 'unfoldr' function is analogous to "Data.List"'s -- 'Data.List.unfoldr' operation. unfoldr :: (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b unfoldr :: forall a b. (a -> (b, Maybe a)) -> a -> NonEmpty b unfoldr a -> (b, Maybe a) f a a = case a -> (b, Maybe a) f a a of (b b, Maybe a mc) -> b b b -> [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [b] -> (a -> [b]) -> Maybe a -> [b] forall b a. b -> (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> b maybe [] a -> [b] go Maybe a mc where go :: a -> [b] go a c = case a -> (b, Maybe a) f a c of (b d, Maybe a me) -> b d b -> [b] -> [b] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : [b] -> (a -> [b]) -> Maybe a -> [b] forall b a. b -> (a -> b) -> Maybe a -> b maybe [] a -> [b] go Maybe a me -- | Extract the first element of the stream. head :: NonEmpty a -> a head :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> a head (a a :| [a] _) = a a -- | Extract the possibly-empty tail of the stream. tail :: NonEmpty a -> [a] tail :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] tail (a _ :| [a] as) = [a] as -- | Extract the last element of the stream. last :: NonEmpty a -> a last :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> a last ~(a a :| [a] as) = [a] -> a forall a. [a] -> a List.last (a a a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : [a] as) -- | Extract everything except the last element of the stream. init :: NonEmpty a -> [a] init :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] init ~(a a :| [a] as) = [a] -> [a] forall a. [a] -> [a] List.init (a a a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : [a] as) -- | Construct a 'NonEmpty' list from a single element. -- -- @since 4.15 singleton :: a -> NonEmpty a singleton :: forall a. a -> NonEmpty a singleton a a = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [] -- | Prepend an element to the stream. (<|) :: a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a a a <| :: forall a. a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a <| ~(a b :| [a] bs) = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| a b a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : [a] bs -- | Synonym for '<|'. cons :: a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a cons :: forall a. a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a cons = a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a (<|) -- | Sort a stream. sort :: Ord a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sort :: forall a. Ord a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sort = ([a] -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Foldable f => ([a] -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b lift [a] -> [a] forall a. Ord a => [a] -> [a] List.sort -- | Converts a normal list to a 'NonEmpty' stream. -- -- Raises an error if given an empty list. fromList :: [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList :: forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList (a a:[a] as) = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] as fromList [] = [Char] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [Char] -> a errorWithoutStackTrace [Char] "NonEmpty.fromList: empty list" -- | Convert a stream to a normal list efficiently. toList :: NonEmpty a -> [a] toList :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList ~(a a :| [a] as) = a a a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : [a] as -- | Lift list operations to work on a 'NonEmpty' stream. -- -- /Beware/: If the provided function returns an empty list, -- this will raise an error. lift :: Foldable f => ([a] -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b lift :: forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Foldable f => ([a] -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b lift [a] -> [b] f = [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([b] -> NonEmpty b) -> (f a -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [a] -> [b] f ([a] -> [b]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [b] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | Map a function over a 'NonEmpty' stream. map :: (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b map :: forall a b. (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b map a -> b f ~(a a :| [a] as) = a -> b f a a b -> [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b fmap a -> b f [a] as -- | The 'inits' function takes a stream @xs@ and returns all the -- finite prefixes of @xs@. inits :: Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty [a] inits :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty [a] inits = [[a]] -> NonEmpty [a] forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([[a]] -> NonEmpty [a]) -> (f a -> [[a]]) -> f a -> NonEmpty [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [a] -> [[a]] forall a. [a] -> [[a]] List.inits ([a] -> [[a]]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [[a]] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | The 'tails' function takes a stream @xs@ and returns all the -- suffixes of @xs@. tails :: Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty [a] tails :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => f a -> NonEmpty [a] tails = [[a]] -> NonEmpty [a] forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([[a]] -> NonEmpty [a]) -> (f a -> [[a]]) -> f a -> NonEmpty [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [a] -> [[a]] forall a. [a] -> [[a]] List.tails ([a] -> [[a]]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [[a]] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | @'insert' x xs@ inserts @x@ into the last position in @xs@ where it -- is still less than or equal to the next element. In particular, if the -- list is sorted beforehand, the result will also be sorted. insert :: (Foldable f, Ord a) => a -> f a -> NonEmpty a insert :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. (Foldable f, Ord a) => a -> f a -> NonEmpty a insert a a = [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([a] -> NonEmpty a) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> NonEmpty a forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. Ord a => a -> [a] -> [a] List.insert a a ([a] -> [a]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | @'some1' x@ sequences @x@ one or more times. some1 :: Alternative f => f a -> f (NonEmpty a) some1 :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. Alternative f => f a -> f (NonEmpty a) some1 f a x = (a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a) -> f a -> f [a] -> f (NonEmpty a) forall (f :: * -> *) a b c. Applicative f => (a -> b -> c) -> f a -> f b -> f c liftA2 a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a (:|) f a x (f a -> f [a] forall (f :: * -> *) a. Alternative f => f a -> f [a] many f a x) -- | 'scanl' is similar to 'foldl', but returns a stream of successive -- reduced values from the left: -- -- > scanl f z [x1, x2, ...] == z :| [z `f` x1, (z `f` x1) `f` x2, ...] -- -- Note that -- -- > last (scanl f z xs) == foldl f z xs. scanl :: Foldable f => (b -> a -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b scanl :: forall (f :: * -> *) b a. Foldable f => (b -> a -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b scanl b -> a -> b f b z = [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([b] -> NonEmpty b) -> (f a -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] forall b a. (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] List.scanl b -> a -> b f b z ([a] -> [b]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [b] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | 'scanr' is the right-to-left dual of 'scanl'. -- Note that -- -- > head (scanr f z xs) == foldr f z xs. scanr :: Foldable f => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b scanr :: forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Foldable f => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> f a -> NonEmpty b scanr a -> b -> b f b z = [b] -> NonEmpty b forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([b] -> NonEmpty b) -> (f a -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] forall a b. (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] List.scanr a -> b -> b f b z ([a] -> [b]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [b] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList -- | 'scanl1' is a variant of 'scanl' that has no starting value argument: -- -- > scanl1 f [x1, x2, ...] == x1 :| [x1 `f` x2, x1 `f` (x2 `f` x3), ...] scanl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a scanl1 :: forall a. (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a scanl1 a -> a -> a f ~(a a :| [a] as) = [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ((a -> a -> a) -> a -> [a] -> [a] forall b a. (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> [b] List.scanl a -> a -> a f a a [a] as) -- | 'scanr1' is a variant of 'scanr' that has no starting value argument. scanr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a scanr1 :: forall a. (a -> a -> a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a scanr1 a -> a -> a f ~(a a :| [a] as) = [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ((a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> a -> a) -> [a] -> [a] List.scanr1 a -> a -> a f (a aa -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] :[a] as)) -- | 'intersperse x xs' alternates elements of the list with copies of @x@. -- -- > intersperse 0 (1 :| [2,3]) == 1 :| [0,2,0,3] intersperse :: a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a intersperse :: forall a. a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a intersperse a a ~(a b :| [a] bs) = a b a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| case [a] bs of [] -> [] [a] _ -> a a a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : a -> [a] -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] List.intersperse a a [a] bs -- | @'iterate' f x@ produces the infinite sequence -- of repeated applications of @f@ to @x@. -- -- > iterate f x = x :| [f x, f (f x), ..] iterate :: (a -> a) -> a -> NonEmpty a iterate :: forall a. (a -> a) -> a -> NonEmpty a iterate a -> a f a a = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| (a -> a) -> a -> [a] forall a. (a -> a) -> a -> [a] List.iterate a -> a f (a -> a f a a) -- | @'cycle' xs@ returns the infinite repetition of @xs@: -- -- > cycle (1 :| [2,3]) = 1 :| [2,3,1,2,3,...] cycle :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a cycle :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a cycle = [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([a] -> NonEmpty a) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [a] -> [a] forall a. [a] -> [a] List.cycle ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | 'reverse' a finite NonEmpty stream. reverse :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a reverse :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a reverse = ([a] -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Foldable f => ([a] -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b lift [a] -> [a] forall a. [a] -> [a] List.reverse -- | @'repeat' x@ returns a constant stream, where all elements are -- equal to @x@. repeat :: a -> NonEmpty a repeat :: forall a. a -> NonEmpty a repeat a a = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| a -> [a] forall a. a -> [a] List.repeat a a -- | @'take' n xs@ returns the first @n@ elements of @xs@. take :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] take :: forall a. Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] take Int n = Int -> [a] -> [a] forall a. Int -> [a] -> [a] List.take Int n ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | @'drop' n xs@ drops the first @n@ elements off the front of -- the sequence @xs@. drop :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] drop :: forall a. Int -> NonEmpty a -> [a] drop Int n = Int -> [a] -> [a] forall a. Int -> [a] -> [a] List.drop Int n ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | @'splitAt' n xs@ returns a pair consisting of the prefix of @xs@ -- of length @n@ and the remaining stream immediately following this prefix. -- -- > 'splitAt' n xs == ('take' n xs, 'drop' n xs) -- > xs == ys ++ zs where (ys, zs) = 'splitAt' n xs splitAt :: Int -> NonEmpty a -> ([a],[a]) splitAt :: forall a. Int -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) splitAt Int n = Int -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) forall a. Int -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) List.splitAt Int n ([a] -> ([a], [a])) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | @'takeWhile' p xs@ returns the longest prefix of the stream -- @xs@ for which the predicate @p@ holds. takeWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] takeWhile :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] takeWhile a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] List.takeWhile a -> Bool p ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | @'dropWhile' p xs@ returns the suffix remaining after -- @'takeWhile' p xs@. dropWhile :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] dropWhile :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] dropWhile a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] List.dropWhile a -> Bool p ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | @'span' p xs@ returns the longest prefix of @xs@ that satisfies -- @p@, together with the remainder of the stream. -- -- > 'span' p xs == ('takeWhile' p xs, 'dropWhile' p xs) -- > xs == ys ++ zs where (ys, zs) = 'span' p xs span :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) span :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) span a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) List.span a -> Bool p ([a] -> ([a], [a])) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | The @'break' p@ function is equivalent to @'span' (not . p)@. break :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) break :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) break a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) span (Bool -> Bool not (Bool -> Bool) -> (a -> Bool) -> a -> Bool forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . a -> Bool p) -- | @'filter' p xs@ removes any elements from @xs@ that do not satisfy @p@. filter :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] filter :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] filter a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] List.filter a -> Bool p ([a] -> [a]) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | The 'partition' function takes a predicate @p@ and a stream -- @xs@, and returns a pair of lists. The first list corresponds to the -- elements of @xs@ for which @p@ holds; the second corresponds to the -- elements of @xs@ for which @p@ does not hold. -- -- > 'partition' p xs = ('filter' p xs, 'filter' (not . p) xs) partition :: (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) partition :: forall a. (a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) partition a -> Bool p = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) List.partition a -> Bool p ([a] -> ([a], [a])) -> (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> ([a], [a]) forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | The 'group' function takes a stream and returns a list of -- streams such that flattening the resulting list is equal to the -- argument. Moreover, each stream in the resulting list -- contains only equal elements. For example, in list notation: -- -- > 'group' $ 'cycle' "Mississippi" -- > = "M" : "i" : "ss" : "i" : "ss" : "i" : "pp" : "i" : "M" : "i" : ... group :: (Foldable f, Eq a) => f a -> [NonEmpty a] group :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. (Foldable f, Eq a) => f a -> [NonEmpty a] group = (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy a -> a -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool (==) -- | 'groupBy' operates like 'group', but uses the provided equality -- predicate instead of `==`. groupBy :: Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy :: forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy a -> a -> Bool eq0 = (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall {a}. (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] go a -> a -> Bool eq0 ([a] -> [NonEmpty a]) -> (f a -> [a]) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . f a -> [a] forall (t :: * -> *) a. Foldable t => t a -> [a] Foldable.toList where go :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] go a -> a -> Bool _ [] = [] go a -> a -> Bool eq (a x : [a] xs) = (a x a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] ys) NonEmpty a -> [NonEmpty a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall a. a -> [a] -> [a] : (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy a -> a -> Bool eq [a] zs where ([a] ys, [a] zs) = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) List.span (a -> a -> Bool eq a x) [a] xs -- | 'groupWith' operates like 'group', but uses the provided projection when -- comparing for equality groupWith :: (Foldable f, Eq b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupWith :: forall (f :: * -> *) b a. (Foldable f, Eq b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupWith a -> b f = (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy (b -> b -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool (==) (b -> b -> Bool) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> Bool forall b c a. (b -> b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> c `on` a -> b f) -- | 'groupAllWith' operates like 'groupWith', but sorts the list -- first so that each equivalence class has, at most, one list in the -- output groupAllWith :: (Ord b) => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] groupAllWith :: forall b a. Ord b => (a -> b) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] groupAllWith a -> b f = (a -> b) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall (f :: * -> *) b a. (Foldable f, Eq b) => (a -> b) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupWith a -> b f ([a] -> [NonEmpty a]) -> ([a] -> [a]) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a] List.sortBy (b -> b -> Ordering forall a. Ord a => a -> a -> Ordering compare (b -> b -> Ordering) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> Ordering forall b c a. (b -> b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> c `on` a -> b f) -- | 'group1' operates like 'group', but uses the knowledge that its -- input is non-empty to produce guaranteed non-empty output. group1 :: Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) group1 :: forall a. Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) group1 = (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupBy1 a -> a -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool (==) -- | 'groupBy1' is to 'group1' as 'groupBy' is to 'group'. groupBy1 :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupBy1 :: forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupBy1 a -> a -> Bool eq (a x :| [a] xs) = (a x a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] ys) NonEmpty a -> [NonEmpty a] -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [NonEmpty a] forall (f :: * -> *) a. Foldable f => (a -> a -> Bool) -> f a -> [NonEmpty a] groupBy a -> a -> Bool eq [a] zs where ([a] ys, [a] zs) = (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> ([a], [a]) List.span (a -> a -> Bool eq a x) [a] xs -- | 'groupWith1' is to 'group1' as 'groupWith' is to 'group' groupWith1 :: (Eq b) => (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupWith1 :: forall b a. Eq b => (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupWith1 a -> b f = (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupBy1 (b -> b -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool (==) (b -> b -> Bool) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> Bool forall b c a. (b -> b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> a -> c `on` a -> b f) -- | 'groupAllWith1' is to 'groupWith1' as 'groupAllWith' is to 'groupWith' groupAllWith1 :: (Ord b) => (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupAllWith1 :: forall b a. Ord b => (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupAllWith1 a -> b f = (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall b a. Eq b => (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) groupWith1 a -> b f (NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a)) -> (NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (a -> b) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall o a. Ord o => (a -> o) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortWith a -> b f -- | The 'isPrefixOf' function returns 'True' if the first argument is -- a prefix of the second. isPrefixOf :: Eq a => [a] -> NonEmpty a -> Bool isPrefixOf :: forall a. Eq a => [a] -> NonEmpty a -> Bool isPrefixOf [] NonEmpty a _ = Bool True isPrefixOf (a y:[a] ys) (a x :| [a] xs) = (a y a -> a -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool == a x) Bool -> Bool -> Bool && [a] -> [a] -> Bool forall a. Eq a => [a] -> [a] -> Bool List.isPrefixOf [a] ys [a] xs -- | @xs !! n@ returns the element of the stream @xs@ at index -- @n@. Note that the head of the stream has index 0. -- -- /Beware/: a negative or out-of-bounds index will cause an error. (!!) :: NonEmpty a -> Int -> a !! :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> Int -> a (!!) ~(a x :| [a] xs) Int n | Int n Int -> Int -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool == Int 0 = a x | Int n Int -> Int -> Bool forall a. Ord a => a -> a -> Bool > Int 0 = [a] xs [a] -> Int -> a forall a. [a] -> Int -> a List.!! (Int n Int -> Int -> Int forall a. Num a => a -> a -> a - Int 1) | Bool otherwise = [Char] -> a forall a. [Char] -> a errorWithoutStackTrace [Char] "NonEmpty.!! negative argument" infixl 9 !! -- | The 'zip' function takes two streams and returns a stream of -- corresponding pairs. zip :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty (a,b) zip :: forall a b. NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty (a, b) zip ~(a x :| [a] xs) ~(b y :| [b] ys) = (a x, b y) (a, b) -> [(a, b)] -> NonEmpty (a, b) forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] forall a b. [a] -> [b] -> [(a, b)] List.zip [a] xs [b] ys -- | The 'zipWith' function generalizes 'zip'. Rather than tupling -- the elements, the elements are combined using the function -- passed as the first argument. zipWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty c zipWith :: forall a b c. (a -> b -> c) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty b -> NonEmpty c zipWith a -> b -> c f ~(a x :| [a] xs) ~(b y :| [b] ys) = a -> b -> c f a x b y c -> [c] -> NonEmpty c forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] forall a b c. (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c] List.zipWith a -> b -> c f [a] xs [b] ys -- | The 'unzip' function is the inverse of the 'zip' function. unzip :: Functor f => f (a,b) -> (f a, f b) unzip :: forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => f (a, b) -> (f a, f b) unzip f (a, b) xs = ((a, b) -> a forall a b. (a, b) -> a fst ((a, b) -> a) -> f (a, b) -> f a forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b <$> f (a, b) xs, (a, b) -> b forall a b. (a, b) -> b snd ((a, b) -> b) -> f (a, b) -> f b forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b <$> f (a, b) xs) -- | The 'nub' function removes duplicate elements from a list. In -- particular, it keeps only the first occurrence of each element. -- (The name 'nub' means \'essence\'.) -- It is a special case of 'nubBy', which allows the programmer to -- supply their own inequality test. nub :: Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a nub :: forall a. Eq a => NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a nub = (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a nubBy a -> a -> Bool forall a. Eq a => a -> a -> Bool (==) -- | The 'nubBy' function behaves just like 'nub', except it uses a -- user-supplied equality predicate instead of the overloaded '==' -- function. nubBy :: (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a nubBy :: forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a nubBy a -> a -> Bool eq (a a :| [a] as) = a a a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] List.nubBy a -> a -> Bool eq ((a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> Bool) -> [a] -> [a] List.filter (\a b -> Bool -> Bool not (a -> a -> Bool eq a a a b)) [a] as) -- | 'transpose' for 'NonEmpty', behaves the same as 'Data.List.transpose' -- The rows/columns need not be the same length, in which case -- > transpose . transpose /= id transpose :: NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) transpose :: forall a. NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) transpose = ([a] -> NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty [a] -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b fmap [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList (NonEmpty [a] -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a)) -> (NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty [a]) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [[a]] -> NonEmpty [a] forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a fromList ([[a]] -> NonEmpty [a]) -> (NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> [[a]]) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty [a] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . [[a]] -> [[a]] forall a. [[a]] -> [[a]] List.transpose ([[a]] -> [[a]]) -> (NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> [[a]]) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> [[a]] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . NonEmpty [a] -> [[a]] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList (NonEmpty [a] -> [[a]]) -> (NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty [a]) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> [[a]] forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (NonEmpty a -> [a]) -> NonEmpty (NonEmpty a) -> NonEmpty [a] forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Functor f => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b fmap NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList -- | 'sortBy' for 'NonEmpty', behaves the same as 'Data.List.sortBy' sortBy :: (a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortBy :: forall a. (a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortBy a -> a -> Ordering f = ([a] -> [a]) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall (f :: * -> *) a b. Foldable f => ([a] -> [b]) -> f a -> NonEmpty b lift ((a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a] forall a. (a -> a -> Ordering) -> [a] -> [a] List.sortBy a -> a -> Ordering f) -- | 'sortWith' for 'NonEmpty', behaves the same as: -- -- > sortBy . comparing sortWith :: Ord o => (a -> o) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortWith :: forall o a. Ord o => (a -> o) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortWith = (a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall a. (a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a sortBy ((a -> a -> Ordering) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a) -> ((a -> o) -> a -> a -> Ordering) -> (a -> o) -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall b c a. (b -> c) -> (a -> b) -> a -> c . (a -> o) -> a -> a -> Ordering forall a b. Ord a => (b -> a) -> b -> b -> Ordering comparing -- | A monomorphic version of '<>' for 'NonEmpty'. -- -- >>> append (1 :| []) (2 :| [3]) -- 1 :| [2,3] -- -- @since 4.16 append :: NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a append :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a append = NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a forall a. Semigroup a => a -> a -> a (<>) -- | Attach a list at the end of a 'NonEmpty'. -- -- >>> appendList (1 :| [2,3]) [] -- 1 :| [2,3] -- -- >>> appendList (1 :| [2,3]) [4,5] -- 1 :| [2,3,4,5] -- -- @since 4.16 appendList :: NonEmpty a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a appendList :: forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a appendList (a x :| [a] xs) [a] ys = a x a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] xs [a] -> [a] -> [a] forall a. Semigroup a => a -> a -> a <> [a] ys -- | Attach a list at the beginning of a 'NonEmpty'. -- -- >>> prependList [] (1 :| [2,3]) -- 1 :| [2,3] -- -- >>> prependList [negate 1, 0] (1 :| [2, 3]) -- -1 :| [0,1,2,3] -- -- @since 4.16 prependList :: [a] -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a prependList :: forall a. [a] -> NonEmpty a -> NonEmpty a prependList [a] ls NonEmpty a ne = case [a] ls of [] -> NonEmpty a ne (a x : [a] xs) -> a x a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a forall a. a -> [a] -> NonEmpty a :| [a] xs [a] -> [a] -> [a] forall a. Semigroup a => a -> a -> a <> NonEmpty a -> [a] forall a. NonEmpty a -> [a] toList NonEmpty a ne