Safe Haskell | None |
---|---|

Language | Haskell2010 |

Maybe type

# Documentation

The `Maybe`

type encapsulates an optional value. A value of type

either contains a value of type `Maybe`

a`a`

(represented as

),
or it is empty (represented as `Just`

a`Nothing`

). Using `Maybe`

is a good way to
deal with errors or exceptional cases without resorting to drastic
measures such as `error`

.

The `Maybe`

type is also a monad. It is a simple kind of error
monad, where all errors are represented by `Nothing`

. A richer
error monad can be built using the `Either`

type.

#### Instances

MonadFail Maybe Source # |
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MonadFix Maybe Source # |
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MonadZip Maybe Source # |
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Foldable Maybe Source # |
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Defined in Data.Foldable fold :: Monoid m => Maybe m -> m Source # foldMap :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m Source # foldMap' :: Monoid m => (a -> m) -> Maybe a -> m Source # foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldr' :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> Maybe a -> b Source # foldr1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a Source # foldl1 :: (a -> a -> a) -> Maybe a -> a Source # toList :: Maybe a -> [a] Source # null :: Maybe a -> Bool Source # length :: Maybe a -> Int Source # elem :: Eq a => a -> Maybe a -> Bool Source # maximum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a Source # minimum :: Ord a => Maybe a -> a Source # | |||||

Eq1 Maybe Source # |
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Ord1 Maybe Source # |
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Defined in Data.Functor.Classes | |||||

Read1 Maybe Source # |
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Defined in Data.Functor.Classes liftReadsPrec :: (Int -> ReadS a) -> ReadS [a] -> Int -> ReadS (Maybe a) Source # liftReadList :: (Int -> ReadS a) -> ReadS [a] -> ReadS [Maybe a] Source # liftReadPrec :: ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec [a] -> ReadPrec (Maybe a) Source # liftReadListPrec :: ReadPrec a -> ReadPrec [a] -> ReadPrec [Maybe a] Source # | |||||

Show1 Maybe Source # |
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Traversable Maybe Source # |
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Alternative Maybe Source # | Picks the leftmost
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Applicative Maybe Source # |
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Functor Maybe Source # |
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Monad Maybe Source # |
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MonadPlus Maybe Source # | Picks the leftmost
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Generic1 Maybe Source # | |||||

Defined in GHC.Generics | |||||

Data a => Data (Maybe a) Source # |
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Defined in Data.Data gfoldl :: (forall d b. Data d => c (d -> b) -> d -> c b) -> (forall g. g -> c g) -> Maybe a -> c (Maybe a) Source # gunfold :: (forall b r. Data b => c (b -> r) -> c r) -> (forall r. r -> c r) -> Constr -> c (Maybe a) Source # toConstr :: Maybe a -> Constr Source # dataTypeOf :: Maybe a -> DataType Source # dataCast1 :: Typeable t => (forall d. Data d => c (t d)) -> Maybe (c (Maybe a)) Source # dataCast2 :: Typeable t => (forall d e. (Data d, Data e) => c (t d e)) -> Maybe (c (Maybe a)) Source # gmapT :: (forall b. Data b => b -> b) -> Maybe a -> Maybe a Source # gmapQl :: (r -> r' -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> Maybe a -> r Source # gmapQr :: forall r r'. (r' -> r -> r) -> r -> (forall d. Data d => d -> r') -> Maybe a -> r Source # gmapQ :: (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> Maybe a -> [u] Source # gmapQi :: Int -> (forall d. Data d => d -> u) -> Maybe a -> u Source # gmapM :: Monad m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> Maybe a -> m (Maybe a) Source # gmapMp :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> Maybe a -> m (Maybe a) Source # gmapMo :: MonadPlus m => (forall d. Data d => d -> m d) -> Maybe a -> m (Maybe a) Source # | |||||

Semigroup a => Monoid (Maybe a) Source # | Lift a semigroup into
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Semigroup a => Semigroup (Maybe a) Source # |
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Generic (Maybe a) Source # | |||||

Defined in GHC.Generics
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Read a => Read (Maybe a) Source # |
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Show a => Show (Maybe a) Source # |
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Eq a => Eq (Maybe a) Source # |
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Ord a => Ord (Maybe a) Source # |
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type Rep1 Maybe Source # |
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type Rep (Maybe a) Source # |
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Defined in GHC.Generics |